CBD vs THC: Key Differences, Uses, & More
It is difficult to understand the effects of CBD when THC is occasionally stated as well. Are they from the same plant? Do you get "high" from both of them? What are the differences between CBD vs. THC? Keep reading to find out the details and what to expect if you have an upcoming drug test.
CBD and THC Similarities
There are a lot of falsehoods and inaccurate information out there. Understanding multiple terminologies is crucial while reading about CBD and THC. Without understanding the meaning of several terminologies, it's simple to become confused.
Scientists originally isolated cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from cannabis plants in the early 1940s, respectively. And that’s only two out of almost 500 cannabinoids that can be found in cannabis plants.
These two plant substances are still being studied by scientists in order to learn more about their properties and potential medical uses and benefits. So, any info you find online is constantly being updated.
In recent years, increased awareness of the cannabis plant and its two primary components has increased both its acceptance and popularity. Researchers are continually focusing their research on how the plant’s compounds affect the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter system.
Why It Can Get Confusing Understanding the differences between CBD and THC
The fact that CBD and THC are both phytocannabinoids contributes to some of the misconceptions people have about them. This indicates that they are cannabinoids derived from plants or the active components of the cannabis plant. All of marijuana's side effects, including foggy euphoria, dry mouth, munchies, and pain alleviation, are brought on by its cannabinoids.
While these components are what recreational users of marijuana rely on to become high, they are also the foundation of marijuana's beneficial effects on health. THC and CBD, together with the other cannabinoids, make marijuana a potentially effective medical treatment for many illnesses.
But it's crucial to remember that a significant distinction renders one legal and the other unlawful (in some states).
Effects of CBD vs THC
Even in high dosages, CBD is well tolerated. According to research, any negative effects of using CBD are probably the consequence of drug interactions between CBD and any additional medications you may be taking.
The negative effects of CBD include:
- Changes in appetite
- Weight loss
THC, a cannabinoid with a higher potency, however, may have the following short-term adverse effects:
- Accelerated heart rate issues
- Coordination issues
- Mouth ache
- Eye color
- Sluggish response times
- Loss of memory
- Dry mouth
According to a certain study, THC, and CBD have few negative side effects and are generally safe.
However, chronic high THC consumption may have detrimental psychiatric repercussions. Although there is no proof that cannabis usage causes psychiatric problems like schizophrenia, this is especially true for teenagers who use substantial doses of THC.
However, even though these medications seem harmless, they could still have some negative side effects.
CBD vs THC Chart and Key Differences
|Gets you high||No||Yes|
|Interacts with endocannabinoid system||Yes||Yes|
|Has side effects||A few||Has psychoactive effects|
|Can give a positive result on drug tests||Possibly||Yes|
|Helps reduce anxiety||Yes||No|
In 2018, the Farm Bill was signed into law. In her testimony before the United States Senate, Amy Abernethy, MD, Ph.D., Principal Deputy Commissioner - Office of the Commissioner, said “Prior to the enactment of the 2018 Farm Bill, the CSA did not differentiate between marijuana and hemp, and all cannabis (with certain exceptions, e.g. sterilized seeds and mature stalks of the plant) was a Schedule I substance and therefore controlled by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).”
In short, the bill eliminated cannabis derivatives with low amounts of THC (0.3% or less) and hemp, a type of the Cannabis sativa plant, from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act.
The element in the cannabis plant known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is what gives marijuana its effects and "high."
On the other hand, the cannabis plant contains the cannabinoid compound cannabidiol (CBD). Because it doesn't contain THC, it doesn't generate a high. It can induce tiredness or relaxation. It also possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which inhibit the cell-damaging effects of oxygen free radicals.
CBD vs THC Look
So, how can you distinguish a hemp plant from a cannabis plant?
Often, the CBD and weed flower appear identical to the untrained eye - green blooms with some trichomes that sparkle. Depending on their quality and farming practices, they are essentially the same.
To be more specific, the THC flower will typically have more crystal formations and a richer, deeper complexity than the CBD flower. It makes sense that most of the top growers, genetics, and research funds have gone towards making cannabis as potent and attractive as possible. Besides, the hemp flower has yet to catch up since it’s relatively new to the smokable market, while cannabis has been around for years.
In order to confirm that the Delta-9 THC is below 3%, consult the COA (certificate of analysis) if in doubt.
CBD vs THC for Anxiety
In recent years, CBD has been advertised as a treatment for a variety of medical health issues and other conditions, including:
The FDA has only authorized the use of one CBD drug, Epidiolex, to treat Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, two severe forms of epilepsy. It also approved the drug to treat seizures brought on by the TB sclerosis complex.
Although it has not yet received approval as a medication, CBD is being investigated as a treatment for other illnesses.
Therefore, it's unclear how CBD combats anxiety at this time. According to some studies, it might function by modifying serotonin levels in the brain. Your body contains a substance called serotonin that affects:
According to research, elevating serotonin levels may be beneficial for treating anxiety. Some drugs, like antidepressants, function by controlling serotonin levels, and some research indicates that CBD may function similarly to antidepressant and anti-anxiety drugs.
Though the results are generally positive in studies, they don’t look at the long-term effects of taking CBD for anxiety. This means it’s unsure if taking the drug over time consistently reduces feelings of anxiety.
To Sum it Up
There are many differences between CBD vs THC, though they come from the same plant. From the looks to their effect - knowing these differences is essential depending on your needs. Also, their legality is significantly different, and keeping this in mind might save you from a mighty fine, getting fired from your job, or even jail time.